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Johann Strauss II (25 October 1825 – 3 June 1899), also known as Johann Strauss Jr., the Younger or the Son (German: Johann Strauß Sohn), was an Austrian composer of light music, particularly dance music and operettas as well as a violinist. He composed over 500 waltzes, polkas, quadrilles, and other types of dance music, as well as several operettas and a ballet. In his lifetime, he was known as the "Waltz King" and was one of the most popular composers in the world.
Strauss was born in Vienna, Austria, into a musical family. His father, Johann Strauss I, was also a composer of waltzes and operettas. Strauss began studying the violin at a young age and soon became a skilled violinist. He also began composing music at a young age.
In 1844, Strauss formed his own dance band and began performing in Vienna. He quickly became popular and soon his band was one of the most popular in Vienna. Strauss's music was known for its catchy melodies and lively rhythms. He also wrote many popular operettas, including The Gypsy Baron, The Bat, and Die Fledermaus.
Strauss toured all over Europe and America, and his music was enjoyed by people of all social classes. He died in Vienna in 1899 at the age of 73. His music is still enjoyed by people all over the world today.