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Mikhail Glinka (1 June 1804 – 15 February 1857) was a Russian composer who is considered the father of Russian classical music. His operas A Life for the Tsar (1836) and Ruslan and Lyudmila (1842) were the first operas to use Russian folk music and themes, and they helped to establish a national style of Russian music.
Glinka was born in Novospasskoye, Russia, into a wealthy family. He showed an early interest in music, and he began studying the piano and violin at a young age. In 1818, he entered the Chief Pedagogic Institute in St. Petersburg, where he studied music theory and composition.
After graduating from the institute in 1822, Glinka traveled to Italy, where he studied the works of Italian composers such as Vincenzo Bellini and Gaetano Donizetti. He also began to compose his own music, and he wrote a number of songs and chamber music pieces during his time in Italy.
In 1830, Glinka returned to Russia, and he began to work on his first opera, A Life for the Tsar. The opera was a critical and popular success, and it helped to establish Glinka as a leading Russian composer.
Glinka's second opera, Ruslan and Lyudmila, was even more successful than his first opera. The opera was a landmark work in Russian music, and it helped to establish a national style of Russian opera.
Glinka died in Berlin in 1857 at the age of 52. He was a major influence on later Russian composers, such as Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky and Modest Mussorgsky. His music is still performed today, and he is considered one of the most important Russian composers of all time.
Glinka's music is characterized by its rich melodies, its colorful orchestration, and its skillful use of folk music. His operas are full of drama and excitement, and his orchestral music is both beautiful and powerful. Glinka was a master of melody and harmony, and his music is still enjoyed by audiences today.