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Anton Bruckner (September 4, 1824 – October 11, 1896) was an Austrian composer and organist, best known for his symphonies and sacred music.
Bruckner was born in Ansfelden, Austria, to a peasant family. He showed an early aptitude for music, and he began studying the violin and organ at a young age. He also received a strong education in theology and philosophy.
In 1841, Bruckner entered the Augustinian monastery at St. Florian, where he continued his musical studies and began composing. He was ordained a priest in 1855.
After leaving the monastery in 1868, Bruckner worked as a teacher and organist in Linz. He also began to study composition with the theorist Simon Sechter.
Bruckner's first symphony was premiered in 1869. It was not well-received by the critics, but it was praised by the composer Richard Wagner. Wagner encouraged Bruckner to continue composing, and the two men became friends.
Bruckner went on to compose nine more symphonies, as well as a large body of other music, including masses, motets, choral works, and chamber music. His music is characterized by its long melodies, massive orchestration, and religious themes.
Bruckner was a controversial figure during his lifetime. His music was often criticized for being too long, too complex, and too conservative. However, he is now considered one of the most important composers of the late Romantic era. His music is still performed and enjoyed by audiences all over the world.
Bruckner was a devoutly religious man, and his music is often infused with religious themes. He was also a master of orchestration, and his use of brass and woodwinds is particularly striking. Bruckner's music is challenging to perform, but it is also deeply rewarding. It is a testament to his genius that his music continues to be performed and enjoyed by audiences all over the world.