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Henri Vieuxtemps (17 February 1820 – 6 June 1881) was a Belgian violinist and composer. He was one of the most famous violinists of his time, and he is considered one of the most important composers of violin music in the 19th century.
Vieuxtemps was born in Verviers, Belgium. He began studying the violin at the age of four, and he gave his first public performance at the age of six. He studied with some of the leading violinists of the time, including Pierre Rode and Charles de Bériot.
In 1831, Vieuxtemps won the Belgian Prix de Rome, which allowed him to study at the École royale de musique de Bruxelles. He graduated in 1833, and he then embarked on a successful concert career.
Vieuxtemps toured extensively throughout Europe and the United States. He was a popular and acclaimed performer, and he was known for his technical virtuosity and his expressive playing. He also composed over 100 works for the violin, including concertos, sonatas, and variations.
Vieuxtemps was a major influence on the development of violin playing in the 19th century. He was a master of technique, and he wrote music that challenged and inspired violinists. He was also a teacher, and he had a number of notable students, including Pablo de Sarasate and Joseph Joachim.
Vieuxtemps died in 1881 in Alger, Algeria. He was buried in Brussels, Belgium.
Vieuxtemps' music is still performed today, and it continues to be enjoyed by violinists and audiences around the world. His music is characterized by its technical virtuosity, its expressive melodies, and its use of national and folk music elements. Vieuxtemps is considered one of the most important composers of violin music in the 19th century, and his music has had a lasting influence on the development of the violin.