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Chabrier Emmanuel

Emmanuel Chabrier (January 18, 1841 – September 13, 1894) was a French Romantic composer and pianist. He is best known for his orchestral works, such as España and Joyeuse marche, and his operas, including L'Étoile and Gwendoline.

Chabrier was born in Ambert, France, to a bourgeois family. He showed an early aptitude for music, and he began studying the piano at the age of six. He also received a strong education in literature and philosophy.

In 1858, Chabrier entered the Paris Conservatoire, where he studied composition with T. E. Semet and Aristide Hignard. He graduated in 1861, but he did not pursue a career in music immediately. Instead, he worked as a civil servant and a music critic.

Chabrier began composing seriously in the early 1870s. His early works were influenced by the music of Rossini and Offenbach, but he soon developed his own unique style, which was characterized by its wit, charm, and technical virtuosity.

Chabrier's first major success was the opera L'Étoile, which premiered in 1877. The opera was a critical and popular success, and it established Chabrier as one of the leading composers of the day.

Chabrier's other major works include the operas Gwendoline (1886) and Le Roi malgré lui (1887), the orchestral works España (1883) and Joyeuse marche (1884), and the piano pieces Bourrée fantasque (1881) and Habanera (1885).

Chabrier died of syphilis in 1894 at the age of 53. He was a major figure in the development of French music in the late 19th century, and his music is still performed and enjoyed by audiences all over the world.

Chabrier was influenced by the music of Wagner.  Later his music became a strong influence on masterl like Debussy, Ravel Strauss, Satie, and Stravinsky.  Chabrier is often credited with paving the way for French modernism. 

    Chabrier Emmanuel (1841-1894)      
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