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Jean Sibelius Program Notes and Sheet Music

Jean Sibelius (8 December 1865 – 20 September 1957) was a Finnish composer of the late Romantic and early-modern periods. He is widely regarded as his country's greatest composer, and his music is often credited with having helped Finland develop a national identity during its struggle for independence from Russia.

Sibelius was born in Hämeenlinna, Finland, to a Swedish-speaking family. He showed an early aptitude for music, and began composing at the age of nine. He studied at the Helsinki Music Institute, where he was taught by Martin Wegelius.

In 1885, Sibelius traveled to Berlin to study with Albert Becker. However, he was disappointed with Becker's teaching, and returned to Finland after only a year.

Sibelius's early compositions were influenced by the Romantic composers, such as Richard Wagner and Franz Liszt. However, he soon developed his own unique style, which was characterized by its use of folk melodies, its emphasis on rhythm, and its emotional intensity.

Sibelius's most famous works include the Finlandia, the Karelia Suite, and the seven symphonies. He also composed operas, concertos, chamber music, and songs.

Sibelius was a reclusive figure, and he shunned publicity. He lived in the same house in Järvenpää, Finland, for most of his life.

Sibelius died in 1957, at the age of 91. He is buried in the cemetery of Hietaniemi in Helsinki.

Sibelius's music is still widely performed and enjoyed today. It is considered to be an important part of the Finnish national identity, and it has been used in films, television shows, and commercials.

    Sibelius Jean (1865-1957)      
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