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Johann Pachelbel (baptized September 1, 1653 – March 3, 1706) was a German composer, organist, and teacher who brought the south German organ schools to their peak. He composed a large body of sacred and secular music, and his contributions to the development of the chorale prelude and fugue have earned him a place among the most important composers of the middle Baroque era.
Pachelbel was born in Nuremberg, Germany, on September 1, 1653. He began his musical training at an early age, and by the time he was 17, he was already a respected organist. In 1670, he was appointed organist at the Church of St. Michael in Erfurt, where he remained for six years. During this time, he composed a number of important works, including his first collection of chorale preludes.
In 1676, Pachelbel moved to Stuttgart, where he was appointed organist at the court of Duke Eberhard Louis. He remained in Stuttgart for four years, during which time he composed a number of important works, including his first concerto and his first opera.
In 1681, Pachelbel moved to Nuremberg, where he was appointed organist at the Church of St. Sebaldus. He remained in Nuremberg for the rest of his life, and during this time he composed a large body of music, including his famous Canon in D Major.
Pachelbel died in Nuremberg on March 3, 1706. He was 52 years old.
Pachelbel's music is characterized by its use of clear and concise melodies, its rich harmonies, and its expressive rhythms. His music is often described as being "joyful" and "uplifting," and it has been enjoyed by audiences for centuries.
Pachelbel's most famous work is his Canon in D Major. This piece is a simple but beautiful canon for three violins and continuo. It has been arranged for many different instruments and ensembles, and it is one of the most popular pieces of music in the world.
Pachelbel's other important works include his chorale preludes, concertos, and operas. His chorale preludes are short pieces of music based on Protestant hymns. His concertos are instrumental pieces for multiple instruments. His operas are dramatic works that are set to music.
Pachelbel was a highly respected composer during his lifetime. He was known for his technical skill and his ability to write beautiful and expressive music. His music has continued to be enjoyed by audiences for centuries, and he is considered one of the most important composers of the Baroque era.