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Bach Fugue in G Minor Program Notes andf Sheet Music

Composer: Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)

Date of Composition: 1723

Instrumentation: Organ

Duration: Approximately 4 minutes


The Fugue in G Minor is one of Bach's most famous organ works. It is a short, but complex and challenging fugue that is considered to be a masterpiece of Baroque counterpoint.

The fugue was written in 1723, when Bach was the organist at the Thomaskirche in Leipzig. It was originally published as part of Bach's "The Well-Tempered Clavier", a collection of 48 preludes and fugues in all 24 major and minor keys.

The fugue is in the key of G minor and is scored for solo organ. It is a four-part fugue, which means that the melody is divided into four voices. The fugue is in a fast tempo and is characterized by its complex and intricate counterpoint.


The fugue is a showcase for Bach's mastery of counterpoint. Counterpoint is a musical technique in which two or more melodies are played simultaneously in a way that creates harmony and interest. The fugue is a particularly challenging form of counterpoint because it requires the composer to create a melody that can be played by multiple voices without becoming too complex or confusing.

The fugue is also notable for its use of imitation. Imitation is a technique in which one voice imitates another voice. In the fugue, the melody is imitated by the other three voices. This creates a sense of unity and momentum in the piece.


The Fugue in G Minor has been praised by critics and musicians alike. It is considered to be one of the most beautiful and challenging fugues ever written. The fugue is often performed by organists around the world and is a popular choice for recitals and competitions.

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