George Enescu (August 19, 1881 – May 4, 1955) was a Romanian composer, violinist, pianist, conductor, and teacher. He is considered one of the most important composers of the 20th century, and his music is known for its blend of Romanian folk music and Western classical traditions.
Enescu was born in Liveni, Romania, to a Moldavian father and a Romanian mother. He began studying music at a young age, and by the age of 10 he was already giving concerts in Bucharest. In 1895, he entered the Paris Conservatory, where he studied with some of the leading musicians of the day, including Gabriel Fauré and Émile Jaques-Dalcroze.
After graduating from the Paris Conservatory, Enescu embarked on a successful career as a violinist and conductor. He toured extensively throughout Europe and the United States, and he also appeared as a soloist with some of the leading orchestras of the world. In addition to his performing career, Enescu also continued to compose, and he wrote a large body of work that includes symphonies, concertos, chamber music, and operas.
Enescu was a highly influential figure in Romanian music, and he is credited with helping to revive interest in traditional Romanian folk music. He was also a dedicated teacher, and he taught at the Bucharest Conservatory and the Mannes School of Music in New York City.
Enescu died in Paris in 1955 at the age of 73. He is buried in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris.