Ferruccio Busoni (1866-1924)
Ferruccio Busoni was an Italian composer, pianist, and teacher. He was born in Empoli, Italy, in 1866. He began studying music at an early age and showed great talent for the piano. In 1880, he moved to Leipzig, Germany, to study with the composer Carl Reinecke.
Busoni was a prolific composer, and his output includes operas, concertos, chamber music, and piano pieces. His music is characterized by its virtuosity, its harmonic complexity, and its intellectualism.
Some of Busoni's most famous works include:
Busoni was a major figure in the development of 20th century music. He was a pioneer in the use of new techniques, such as polytonality and atonality. He was also a tireless advocate for new music, and he helped to introduce the works of many contemporary composers to the public.
In addition to his work as a composer, Busoni was also a gifted pianist and teacher. He was a master of improvisation, and he often gave recitals in which he would improvise on themes from popular operas and symphonies. He was also a teacher at the Hochschule für Musik in Berlin, where he taught some of the most important composers of the 20th century, including Béla Bartók and Paul Hindemith.
Busoni died in Berlin in 1924 at the age of 58. He is considered one of the most important composers of the late Romantic and early 20th century. His music is still performed and enjoyed by audiences today.